希波克拉底名言 希波克拉底誓言 医学名言一百句

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年,共分7个部分,约300条。内容均为有关医学保健的精辟论断,对于医务保健工作进行了高度的概括。如今,人人深知健康身体的重要,全民的保健意识大大提高,而这些格言正好十分有助于大家提高自身的保健知识。本书明年将出版中文本,现选译部分以飨读者。贵刊可根据情况从中选用。

饮食与健康

1.Life is short, and Art long; the crisis fleeting;experience

perilous, and decision difficult. The physician must not onlybe

prepared to do what is right himself, but also to make thepatient,

the attendants, and externals cooperate.

1.生命短暂,医术长久;危象①稍纵即逝;经验危险,诊断不易。医生不仅必须自身处事正确,而且务必让病人及服务人员等外在因素通力合作。

注:①危象,指病情急转点。

2. In disorders of the bowels and vomitings, occurring

spontaneously, if the matters purged be such as ought to bepurged,

they do good, and are well borne; but if not, the contrary. Andso

artificial evacuations, if they consist of such matters as shouldbe

evacuated, do good, and are well borne; but if not, the contrary.One,

then, ought to look to the country, the season, the age, andthe

diseases in which they are proper o`r not.

2.当自然出现腹泻和呕吐时,若排除之物应予排除则有益身体,令人好受;反之则不然。①所以人为的排除,若排除之物应予排除则有益身体,令人好受;反之则不然。因此人们应注意其适合或不适合于存在的地区、季节、年龄和疾病。

3. In the athletae, embonpoint, if carried to its utmost limit,is

dangerous, for they cannot remain in the same state nor bestationary;

and since, then, they can neither remain stationary nor improve,it

only remains for them to get worse; for these reasons theembonpoint

should be reduced without delay, that the body may again havea

commencement of reparation. Neither should the evacuations, intheir

case, be carried to an extreme, for this also is dangerous, butonly

to such a point as the person's constitution can endure. Inlike

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manner, medicinal evacuations, if carried to an extreme, are

dangerous; and again, a restorative course, if in the extreme,is

dangerous.

3.健壮者若变得过于肥胖则危险,因肥胖之躯不会固定不变;既不可能固定不变或有所改善,则只会每况愈下;为此应及时减肥,不可拖延,以便使身体恢复健康。在此种情况下,减肥措施也不应走极端,因这同样危险;而只宜以人的体质能承受为限。同样,药物减肥若走极端亦危险;又同样,恢复的疗程若走极端亦不安全。①

注:①格言体现出把握好“度”的人生哲理——我们在生活的方方面面不也应如此?凡事都应力求“适度”,而要把握好这个度确非易事。

4. A slender restricted diet is always dangerous in chronic

diseases, and also in acute diseases, where it is not requisite.And

again, a diet brought to the extreme point of attenuation is

dangerous; and repletion, when in the extreme, is alsodangerous.

4.无论漫性病还是急性病,过分节食总是危险,实无必要。饮食过分不足危险,而过分饱胀亦同样如此。

5. In a restricted diet, patients who transgress are therebymore

hurt (than in any other?); for every such transgression, whateverit

may be, is followed by greater consequences than in a dietsomewhat

more generous. On this account, a very slender, regulated,and

restricted diet is dangerous to persons in health, because theybear

transgressions of it more difficultly. For this reason, aslender

and restricted diet is generally more dangerous than one a littlemore

liberal.

5.就限制饮食而言,病人若运用不当则更为有害(比任何他人?);因所有这类运用不当之行为,造成的后果都比较为随意的饮食带来的影响严重。所以,经常性地过分限制饮食对于健康者危险,因他们更难于承受此种不当之举。因此,过分限制饮食通常比略为随意地限制更加危险。

6. For extreme diseases, extreme methods of cure, as to

restriction, are most suitable.

6.对于重病,就克制治疗而言,最宜采取极端之疗法。

7. When the disease is very acute, it is attended withextremely

severe symptoms in its first stage; and therefore anextremely

attenuating diet must be used. When this is not the case, but itis

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allowable to give a more generous diet, we may depart as farfrom

the severity of regimen as the disease, by its mildness, isremoved

from the extreme.

7.疾病处于剧烈之时,初期则伴随相当严重症状;因此必须尽量减少食物。但若疾病并非如此,饮食则可更加随意,不必受严格的食物疗法限制,直至疾病脱离危险。

8. When the disease is at its height, it will then be necessaryto

use the most slender diet.

8.当疾病处于最高峰之际,则必须对病人给予最少量之食。

9. We must form a particular judgment of the patient, whetherhe

will support the diet until the acme of the disease, and whetherhe

will sink previously and not support the diet, o`r the diseasewill

give way previously, and become less acute.

9.对病人必须作出准确判断,看他是否能承受规定饮食直至病情严重,是否过早消瘦难以承受规定饮食,或是否疾病更先退出得以缓解。

10. In those cases, then, which attain their acme speedily, a

restricted diet should be enjoined at first; but in thosecases

which reach their acme later, we must retrench at that period o`ra

little before it; but previously we must allow a more generous dietto

support the patient.

10.若病症很快达到高峰,最初则切忌节食;但若病症以后达到高峰,则必须在此时或再早一点节食;不过必须事先允许病人饮食更加随意使其身体获得供养。希波克拉底名言

11. We must retrench during paroxysms, for to exhibit foodwould

be injurious. And in all diseases having periodical paroxysms, wemust

restrict during the paroxysms.

11.疾病发作时必须减少食量,否则有害无益。凡周期发作之疾病,发作时必须节食。

12. The exacerbations and remissions will be indicated by the

diseases, the seasons of the year, the reciprocation of theperiods,

whether they occur every day, every alternate day, o`r after alonger

period, and by the supervening symptoms; as, for example, inpleuritic

cases, expectoration, if it occur at the commencement, shortensthe

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attack, but if it appear later, it prolongs the same; and inthe

same manner the urine, and alvine disch`arges, and sweats,according as

they appear along with favorable o`r unfavorable symptoms,indicate

diseases of a short o`r long duration.

12.根据疾病本身、季节变化、周期交替——无论是每天、每隔一天或更长时间——以及根据意外出现的症状,即可看出疾病是恶化还是解除。以胸膜炎病症为例,若咯淡出现于初期,则疾病不会长久;但若出现于后期,则疾病将会拖延。同样,根据大小便、出汗的现象及与之相伴的有利或不利症状,即可知患病时间之长短。

13. Old persons endure fasting most easily; next, adults;young

persons not nearly so well; and most especially infants, and ofthem

such as are of a particularly lively spirit.

13.老年人最易节食,成年人次之,青年人则相差甚远;而尤其是婴儿——相对于他们而言,婴儿特别富有活力。

14. Growing bodies have the most innate heat; they thereforerequire

the most food, for otherwise their bodies are wasted. In oldpersons

the heat is feeble, and therefore they require little fuel, asit

were, to the flame, for it would be extinguished by much. Onthis

account, also, fevers in old persons are not equally acute,because

their bodies are cold.

14.成长之躯有其充分的内在热量,因此需充足食物,否则会消瘦。而老人之躯少有热量,所以犹如炉火只需少许“燃料”,因燃料过多会使其熄灭。因而老人发热也不会一样剧烈,因其身躯热量不多。

15. In winter and spring the bowels are naturally the hottest,and

the sleep most prolonged; at these seasons, then, the most

sustenance is to be administered; for as the belly has thenmost

innate heat, it stands in need of most food. The well-known factswith

regard to young persons and the athletae prove this.

15.冬春两季体内热量自然最多,睡眠时间最长;此时应有充足之食物,因胃部既热量充分,亦最需食物提供养料。年轻人和运动员不乏众所周知的事实,可以证明。

16. A humid regimen is befitting in all febrile diseases, and

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particularly in children, and others accustomed to live on sucha

diet.

16.所有热病患者以吃稀食为宜,尤其是孩子和习惯此种饮食者。

17. We must consider, also, in which cases food is to begiven

once o`r twice a day, and in greater o`r smaller quantities, andat

intervals. Something must be conceded to habit, to season, tocountry,

and to age.

17.我们还必须针对各种病情,考虑每天给病人的食物是一次还是两次,是多还是少,间隔的时间是长还是短。同时也必须因习惯、季节、国家和年龄的不同而区别对待。

18. Invalids bear food worst during summer and autumn, mosteasily

in winter, and next in spring.

18.夏秋两季病人饮食最差,冬季最好,春季次之。

19. Neither give nor enjoin anything to persons duringperiodical

paroxysms, but abstract from the accustomed allowance beforethe

crisis.

19.当疾病周期性发作时,给病人的食物既不增添也不禁止,而是在危险期前对其平常食物作适当减少。希波克拉底名言

20. When things are at the crisis, o`r when they have just passedit,

neither move the bowels, nor make any innovation in thetreatment,

either as regards purgatives o`r any other such stimulants, butlet

things alone.

20.当病情处于或刚过危险期时,既不设法让病人排泄又不采取任何创新治疗——无论使用泻药还是任何其它类似刺激药物——而应随其自然。

21. Those things which require to be evacuated should be

evacuated, wherever they most tend, by the proper outlets.

21.凡需排泄之物均应通过正当渠道予以排除,无论它们最有何倾向。

22. We must purge and move such humors as are concocted, not suchas

are unconcocted, unless they are struggling to get out, whichis

mostly not the case.

22.我们必须排除和去掉已消化而非未消化的体液,除非它们本身正极力脱离躯体——在多数情况下并非如此。

23. The evacuations are to be judged of not by their quantity,but

whether they be such as they should be, and how they areborne.

23.鉴定排泄物勿根据其数量,而应看其是否为应排泄之物,以及病人有何感受。

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24. Use purgative medicines sparingly in acute diseases, andat

the commencement, and not without proper circumspection.

24.对急性病最初宜少用泻药,并且要慎重。

25. If the matters which are purged be such as should be purged,the

evacuation is beneficial, and easily borne; but, notwithstanding,

if otherwise, with difficulty.

25.若排除之物应予排除,则有益健康,令人易受;否则令人难受。

英文经典版希波克拉底誓言

Hippocratic Oath—Classical Version

I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceiaand all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that Iwill fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath andthis covenant:

To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents andto live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need ofmoney to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring asequal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art—ifthey desire to learn it—without fee and covenant; to give a shareof precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to mysons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils whohave signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to themedical law, but no one else. covenant[英][ˈkʌvənənt] [美][ˈkʌvənənt]

n.协议,协定;盖印合同;[法律]契约条款;[宗教]誓约

vi.立约,立誓;订立盟约;订立契约

vt.立约承诺;缔结盟约;订协定

现在分词:covenanting;过去式:covenanted;第三人称单数:covenants;...

I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sickaccording to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harmand injustice. dietetic[英][ˌdaiəˈtetik] [美][ˌdaɪɪˈtɛtɪk]

adj.饮食的,营养的

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I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it,nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will notgive to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I willguard my life and my art.

I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, butwill withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in thiswork.

Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of thesick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischiefand in particular of sexual relations with both female and malepersons, be they free or slaves.

What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or evenoutside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on noaccount one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding suchthings shameful to be spoken about.

If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be grantedto me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all menfor all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may theopposite of all this be my lot.

-- Translation from the 《The Hippocratic Oath: Text, Translation,and Interpretation》,by Ludwig Edelstein. Baltimore: Johns HopkinsPress, 1943.

临床工作多年,刚进校园时的激情和理想已被现实消磨,面对种种疑惑和诱惑,自觉有必要重温下当年入学时的誓言。“健康所系,性命相托。当我步入神圣医学学府的时刻,谨庄严宣誓:我志愿献身医学,恪守医德,刻苦钻研,孜孜不倦,精益求精。我决心竭尽全力除人类之病痛,助健康之完美,维护医术的圣洁和荣誉。救死扶伤,不辞艰辛,执着追求,为人类身心健康奋斗终生。”

中文版希波克拉底誓言

医神阿波罗、埃斯克雷彼斯及天地诸神作证,我 — 希波克拉底发誓:

我愿以自身判断力所及,遵守这一誓约。凡教给我医术的人,我应像尊敬自己的父母一样,尊敬他。作为终身尊重的对象及朋友,授给我医术的恩师一旦发生危急情况,我一定接济他。把恩师的儿女当成我希波克拉底的兄弟姐妹;如果恩师的儿女愿意从医,我一定无条件地传授,更不收取任何费用。对于我所拥有的医术,无论是能以口头表达的还是可书写的,都要传授给我的儿女,传授给恩师的儿女和发誓遵守本誓言的学生;除此三种情况外,不再传给别人。

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我愿在我的判断力所及的范围内,尽我的能力,遵守为病人谋利益的道德原则,并杜绝一切堕落及害人的行为。我不得将有害的药品给予他人,也不指导他人服用有害药品,更不答应他人使用有害药物的请求。尤其不施行给妇女堕胎的手术。我志愿以纯洁与神圣的精神终身行医。因我没有治疗结石病的专长,不宜承担此项手术,有需要治疗的,我就将他介绍给治疗结石的专家。

无论到了什么地方,也无论需诊治的病人是男是女、是自由民是奴婢,对他们我一视同仁,为他们谋幸福是我惟一的目的。我要检点自己的行为举止,不做各种害人的劣行,尤其不做诱奸女病人或病人眷属的缺德事。在治病过程中,凡我所见所闻,不论与行医业务有否直接关系,凡我认为要保密的事项坚决不予泄漏。

我遵守以上誓言,目的在于让医神阿波罗、埃斯克雷彼斯及天地诸神赐给我生命与医术上的无上光荣;一旦我违背了自己的誓言,请求天地诸神给我最严厉的惩罚!

Ὄμνυμι Ἀπόλλωνα ἰητρὸν, καὶ Ἀσκληπιὸν, καὶ Ὑγείαν, καὶΠανάκειαν, καὶ θεοὺς πάντας τε καὶ πάσας, ἵστορας ποιεύμενος,ἐπιτελέα ποιήσειν κατὰ δύναμιν καὶ κρίσιν ἐμὴν ὅρκον τόνδε καὶξυγγραφὴν τήνδε.

Ἡγήσασθαι μὲν τὸν διδάξαντά με τὴν τέχνην ταύτην ἴσα γενέτῃσινἐμοῖσι, καὶ βίου κοινώσασθαι, καὶ χρεῶν χρηίζοντι μετάδοσινποιήσασθαι, καὶ γένος τὸ ἐξ ωὐτέου ἀδελφοῖς ἴσον ἐπικρινέεινἄῤῥεσι, καὶ διδάξειν τὴν τέχνην ταύτην, ἢν χρηίζωσι μανθάνειν, ἄνευμισθοῦ καὶ ξυγγραφῆς, παραγγελίης τε καὶ ἀκροήσιος καὶ τῆς λοιπῆςἁπάσης μαθήσιος μετάδοσιν ποιήσασθαι υἱοῖσί τε ἐμοῖσι, καὶ τοῖσιτοῦ ἐμὲ διδάξαντος, καὶ μαθηταῖσι συγγεγραμμένοισί τε καὶὡρκισμένοις νόμῳ ἰητρικῷ, ἄλλῳ δὲ οὐδενί.

Διαιτήμασί τε χρήσομαι ἐπ' ὠφελείῃ καμνόντων κατὰ δύναμιν καὶκρίσιν ἐμὴν, ἐπὶ δηλήσει δὲ καὶ ἀδικίῃ εἴρξειν.

Οὐ δώσω δὲ οὐδὲ φάρμακον οὐδενὶ αἰτηθεὶς θανάσιμον, οὐδὲὑφηγήσομαι ξυμβουλίην τοιήνδε. Ὁμοίως δὲ οὐδὲ γυναικὶ πεσσὸνφθόριον δώσω. Ἁγνῶς δὲ καὶ ὁσίως διατηρήσω βίον τὸν ἐμὸν καὶ τέχνηντὴν ἐμήν.

Οὐ τεμέω δὲ οὐδὲ μὴν λιθιῶντας, ἐκχωρήσω δὲ ἐργάτῃσιν ἀνδράσιπρήξιος τῆσδε.

Ἐς οἰκίας δὲ ὁκόσας ἂν ἐσίω, ἐσελεύσομαι ἐπ' ὠφελείῃ καμνόντων,ἐκτὸς ἐὼν πάσης ἀδικίης ἑκουσίης καὶ φθορίης, τῆς τε ἄλλης καὶἀφροδισίων ἔργων ἐπί τε γυναικείων σωμάτων καὶ ἀνδρῴων, ἐλευθέρωντε καὶ δούλων.

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Ἃ δ' ἂν ἐν θεραπείῃ ἢ ἴδω, ἢ ἀκούσω, ἢ καὶ ἄνευ θεραπηίης κατὰβίον ἀνθρώπων, ἃ μὴ χρή ποτε ἐκλαλέεσθαι ἔξω, σιγήσομαι, ἄῤῥηταἡγεύμενος εἶναι τὰ τοιαῦτα.

Ὅρκον μὲν οὖν μοι τόνδε ἐπιτελέα ποιέοντι, καὶ μὴ ξυγχέοντι, εἴηἐπαύρασθαι καὶ βίου καὶ τέχνης δοξαζομένῳ παρὰ πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις ἐςτὸν αἰεὶ χρόνον. παραβαίνοντι δὲ καὶ ἐπιορκοῦντι, τἀναντίατουτέων.

1、选择医学可能是偶然,但你一旦选择了,就必须用一生的忠诚和热情去对待它。 ——钟南山

2、 医术是一切技术中最美和最高尚的。——希波克拉底

3、 一位西哲说:“医学是一门科学,但要成为一名医术高超的大夫却是一门艺术”。

4、马克思:“认识世界的目的在于改造世界”。(疗效重于理论)

5、不为良相,则为良医。

6、人不穷理,不可以学医;医不穷理,不可以用药。

7、博学而后成医,厚德而后为医,谨慎而后行医!

8、生民何辜,不死于病而死于医,是有医不若无医也。学医不精,不若不学医也。(清 吴瑭《温病条辨自序》)

9、凡为医之道,必先正己,然后正人。——《医工论》

10、 欲救人学医则可,欲谋利而学医不可。——【清】徐廷祚

11、医者,书不熟则理不明,理不明则识不精。——【清】吴谦等《医宗金鉴凡例》

12、进则救世,退则救民;不能为良相,亦当为良医。——张仲景

13、只要生命还可珍贵的,医生这个职业就永远倍受崇拜!——爱默生

14、专家是令人尊敬的,他们对一般医生所不知道的事情,知道的越来越多;专家有时也是令人惋惜的,他们对一般医生所知道的事情,却知道的越来越少。——妇产科学家郎景和

15、医生的服务对象是人,世界上最复杂的事物莫过于人。要做一名好医生,首先一点要研究人,全心全意为人民服务,这就是医德。医德不光是愿望,更是一种行动,这个行动要贯穿医疗的全过程,贯穿医生的整个行医生涯。——吴阶平

16、对工作还应该经常有一种“如临深渊,如履薄冰”的感觉,这是一种面对病人最宝贵的生命而产生的责任感。

17、无恒德者,不可以作医。——【清】陈梦蕾等《古今图书集成医部全录》

18、夫医者,非仁爱之士,不可托也;非聪明理达,不可任也;非廉洁纯良,不可信也。——【晋】杨泉《物理论》

19、医者父母心,急患者之所急。

20、医为仁人之术,必具仁人之心。

21、医之为道,非精不能明其理,非博不能致其得。

22、学医当学眼光,眼光到处,自有的对之方,次有说不尽之妙,倘拘拘于格里,便呆钝不灵。——【清】曹仁伯《琉球百问》

23、There is no safe drug but safe doctor.(没有安全的药物,只有安全的医生)

24、A good surgeon must have an eagle'seye,alion's heart,and a lady'shand.(一名好的外科医生必须有鹰的眼睛,女人的手和狮子的心)

25、Treatment is more about restoring the peace of mind than aboutproducing a cure.(医学治疗的宗旨不只是要治疗疾病,更要助人心安。)

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26、he real difficulty in orthopedics lies not in making a diagnosisbut in selecting the appropriatetreatment.(骨科医师的挑战不在下诊断,而在选择最适合的治疗方式。)

27、The patients are your best teachers.(病人是医生最好的老师。)

28、Before you become a doctor, become aman.(成功待人处事是成为好医生的前置条件。)

29、The decision is more important than theincision.(在一个成功的手术中,决策比刀法更重要。)

30、To cute sometimes,to relieve often,to comfortalways.(有时,去治愈;常常,去帮助;总是,去安慰。)

31、药理与事理相合,医法与心法不二

32、医病医心难医命,顾利顾名不顾身

33、上医治国,中医治人,下医治病

34、小病求生,大病求死

35、德不近佛者不以为医,才不近仙者不以为医——裘法祖老先生!

36、凡大医治病,必当安神定志,无欲无求,先发大慈恻隐之心,誓愿普救含灵之苦——孙思邈!

37、人命至重,有贵千金,一方济之,德逾于此,故以为名也。(唐孙思邈《备急千金要方序》)

38 、良医则贵察声色,神工则深究萌芽。(唐 孙思邈《千金翼方序》)

39、医以济世,术贵乎精。(清吴尚先《理渝外治方要略言》)

40、医者,书不熟则理不明,理不明则识不精。临证游移,漫无定见,药证不合,难以奏效。(清吴谦等《医宗金鉴凡例》)

41、读书而不临证,不可以为医;临证而不读书,亦不可以为医。(清陆九芝《世补斋医书李冠仙仿寓意序》)

42 、盖医者人命所关,固至难极重之事,原不可令下愚之人为之也。(清徐灵胎《医贯砭卷上伤寒论》)

43、学医业者,心要明天地阴阳五行之理,始晓天时之和不和,民之生病之情由也。(清吴谦等《医宗金鉴运气要诀》)

44、医非博不能通,非通不能精,非精不能专。必精而专,始能由博而约。(清赵晴初《存存斋医话稿序》)

45 、一人生死,关系一家,倘有失手,悔恨何及?(清吴尚先《理渝骈文续增略言》)

46 、医之临病,胜于临敌。(清 怀远《医彻卷四医箴疗医》)

47、药能活人,亦能杀人,生死关头,间不容发,可不慎欤!(清刘昌祁《白喉治法要言白喉症最忌服表药》)

48、医者仁术,圣人以之赞助造化之不及,所贵者,扶危救困,起死回生耳。(明聂尚恒《活幼心法卷一》)

49、夫医者,非仁爱之士,不可托也;非聪明理达,不可任也;非廉洁纯良,不可信也。(晋杨泉《物理论》)

50、无恒德者,不可以作医。(清陈梦雷等《古今图书集成医部全录》)

51、医者人之司命,如大将提兵,必谋定而后战。(明倪士奇《两都医案北案》)

52、名相治国,名医活人,人贵于人有济耳。(郭霭春《中国分省医籍考 山东省第六类 方论外科杂集》)

53 、临病若能三思,用药终无一失。(清 沈李龙《食物本草会纂病机赋》)

54、Harvard大学医学院院长SydneyBurwell教授曾对学生说过这样一段话:'在十年内,你们现在学习的知识有一半会证明是错误的,更糟糕的是我们不知道哪一半是错的。“

55、路上有两种车,一种是兜风的,行车就是目的;另一种是赴约的,行车只是手段。(只谈理论的兜风的,瞄着疗效的是赴约的。)

56、有人同一个错误重复了几十年,然后把它叫做经验。 (经验等于证据。

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57、爱因斯坦对量子力学有这样一句批评:'上帝不是靠仍色子的方式来决定自然规律的'。遗憾的是在医学领域,上帝处处多都在玩筛子,循证医学就是教医生如何应对这个医学实践的不确定性。

58、若有疾厄来求救者,不得问其贵贱贫富,长幼妍嗤,怨亲善友,华夷愚智,普同一等,皆如至亲之想;亦不得瞻前顾后,自虑吉凶,护惜身命,见彼苦恼,若己有之,深心凄怆,勿避险巇,昼夜寒暑,饥渴疲劳,一心赴救,无作功夫形迹之心,如此者可为苍生大医,反此则是含灵巨贼。——[唐]孙思邈

59、当我们决心要成为医生的那一刻,我们的身上已经挂上了一条看不见的锁链,让我们背负一生。——法国胸科医学之父雷涅克

60、行医如临深渊,如履薄冰。病人把最宝贵的生命交给了医院,医务人员在工作中稍一粗心大意,就有可能致人伤残,甚至危及生命。所以医疗工作不能有半点马虎和轻率。——内科专家张孝骞

61、我虽然从医六十多年,至今不敢忘记“戒慎恐惧”四个字。病人把生命都交给了我们,我们怎能不感到恐惧呢?怎么能不用戒骄戒躁、谦虚谨慎的态度对待呢?——张孝骞

62、人命至重,貴于千金,一方濟之,德逾于此。 ——[唐]孙思邈《千金要方》

63、成为一个医生最大的责任不是只医治疾病,一个医生怎么看待贫穷的病人,是区分一个人是医生还是医匠的关键点,真正的医生肯定人的价值,医匠的眼中,病人只是消费者。医生看的是生病的人,医匠看的是填病历的表。——[美]布雷克威尔

64、医生的人文素质就是你要真正热爱生命,关注生命。一个优秀的医生肯定是一个人道主义者,对生命要充满同情。 ——周国平

65、世界上最使人惊奇和敬畏的两样东西,就是头上的星空和心中的道德律。 ——康德

66、病人理应指望把医生培养成为一个专心的倾听者,仔细的观察者,敏锐的交谈者和有效的临床医生,而不是仅仅满足于治疗某些疾病。——《爱丁堡宣言》

67、凡乡里同道之士,不可生轻侮傲慢之心,切要谦和谨慎,年尊者恭敬之,有学者师事之,骄傲者逊让之,不及者荐拔之,如此自无谤怨,信和为贵也。——陈实功《医家五戒十要》

68、护士的工作对象不是冰冷的石块、木头和纸片,而是有热血和生命的人类。护理工作是精细艺术中之最精细者。其中一个原因就是护士必须有一颗同情的心和一双勤劳的手。不容置疑,一个护士必须十分清醒,绝对忠诚,有信仰和奉献精神。她必须尊重自己的职业,服从上帝的召唤,因为上帝是出于信任才会把一个人的生命交付在她的手上。——菲洛伦斯,南丁格尔

69、我愿尽余之能力与判断力所及,遵守为病家谋利益之信条,并检束一切堕落及害人行为,我不得将危害药品给予他人,并不作该项指导,虽有人请求亦必不与之......我愿以此纯洁与神圣精神,终身执行我职务。——希波克拉底誓言

70、良医者,常治无病之人,故无病。圣人者,常治无患之患,故无患也。——《淮南子》

71、Hippocrates:The Oath of Medicine

I swear by Apollo, the healer, Asclepius, Hygieia, and Panacea,and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keepaccording to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath andagreement: To consider dear to me, as my parents, him who taught methis art; to live in common with him and, if necessary, to share mygoods with him; To look upon his children as my own brothers, toteach them this art.

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I will prescriberegimens for the good of my patients according tomy ability and my judgment and never do harmto anyone.

I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will Iadvise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman apessaryto cause an abortion.

But I will preserve the purity of my life and my arts.

I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the diseaseis manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed bypractitioners, specialists in this art.

In every house where I come I will enter only for the good of mypatients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill-doing and allseduction and especially from the pleasures of love with women orwith men, be they free or slaves.

All that may come to my knowledge in the exercise of myprofession or in daily commerce with men, which ought not to bespread abroad, I will keep secretand will never reveal.

If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice myart, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swervefrom itor violate it, may the reverse be my lot.

仰赖医神阿波罗·埃斯克雷波斯及天地诺神为证,鄙人敬谨直誓,愿以自身能力及判断力所及,遵守此约。凡授我艺者,敬之如父母,作为终身同业伴侣,彼有急需,我接济之。视彼儿女,犹我兄弟,如欲受业,当免费并无条件传授之。凡我所知,无论口授书传,俱传之吾与吾师之子及发誓遵守此约之生徒,此外不传与他人。

我愿尽余之能力与判断力所及,遵守为病家谋利益之信条,并检柬一切堕落和害人行为,我不得将危害药品给与他人,并不作该项之指导,虽有人请求亦必不与之。尤不为妇人施堕胎手术。我愿以此纯洁与神圣之精神,终身执行我职务。凡患结石者,我不施手术,此则有待于专家为之。

无论至于何处,遇男或女,贵人及奴婢,我之唯一目的,为病家谋幸福,并检点吾身,不作各种害人及恶劣行为,尤不作诱奸之事。凡我所见所闻,无论有无业务关系,我认为应守秘密者,我愿保守秘密。尚使我严守上述誓言时,请求神祗让我生命与医术能得无上光荣,我苟违誓,天地鬼神实共殛之。

中文白话译文如下:

我要遵守誓约,矢忠不渝。对传授我医术的老师,我要像父母一样敬重,并作为终身的职业。对我的儿子、老师的儿子以及我的门徒,我要悉心传授医学知识。我要竭尽全力,采取我认为有利于病人的医疗措施,不能给病人带来痛苦与危害。我不把毒药给任何人,也决不授意别人使用它。我要清清白白地行医和生活。无论进入谁家,只是为了治病,不为所欲为,不接受贿赂,不勾引异性。对看到或听到不应外传的私生活,我决不泄露。如果我能严格遵守上面誓言时,请求神祗让我的生命与医术得到无上光荣;如果我违被誓言,天地鬼神一起将我雷击致死。

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72、值此就医生职业之际,我庄严宣誓为服务于人类而献身。我对施我以教的师友衷心感佩。我在行医中一定要保持端庄和良心。我一定把病人的健康和生命放在一切的首位,病人吐露的一切秘密,我一定严加信守,决不泄露。我一定要保持医生职业的荣誉和高尚的传统。我待同事亲如弟兄。我决不让我对病人的义务受到种族、宗教、国籍、政党和政治或社会地位等方面的考虑的干扰。对于人的生命,自其孕育之始,就保持最高度的尊重。即使在威胁之下,我也决不用我的知识作逆于人道法规的事情。我出自内心以荣誉保证履行以上诺言。——1948年世界医学会(WMA)《日内瓦宣言》。

73、后希波克拉底誓言——我保证履行由于我的专业我自愿承担的治疗和帮助病人的义务。我的义务是基于病人所处的软弱不利的地位,以及他必然给予我和我的专业能力完全信任。所以,我保证把病人多方面的利益作为我的专业伦理的第一原则。由于承认这种约束,我接受下列义务,只有病人或病人的合法代理人才能解除我这些义务:

①将病人的利益置于我专业实践的中心,并在情况需要时置于我自己的自我利益上。

②拥有和保持我的专业要求的知识和技能的能力。

③承认我的能力的局限,只要我的病人病情需要,我应向我的各种卫生专业的同事求助。

④尊重其他卫生专业同事的价值和信念,并承认他们作为个人的道德责任。

⑤用同等的关切和献身精神关怀所有需要我帮助的人,不管他们有没有能力付酬。

⑥主要为了我的病人的最佳利益,而不是主要为了推行社会的、政治的或财政的政策或我自己的利益而行动。

⑦尊重我的病人的参与影响他或她的决策的道德权利,明确地、清楚地、用病人理解的语言说明他或她的疾病的性质,以及我建议采用的治疗的好处和危险。

⑧帮助我的病人作出与他们的价值和信念一致的选择,不强迫,不欺骗,不口是心非。

⑨对我听到、知道和看到的保守秘密,作为我关怀病人的一个必要部分,除非对别人有明确的、严重的、直接伤害的危险。

⑩即使我不能治愈病人,也总要帮助他们,当死亡不可避免时,要帮助我的病人按照他或她自己的打算死亡。

决不参与直接的、主动的、有意识的杀死一个病人,即使为了仁慈的理由,或应国家的要求,或任何其他的理由。

为了覆行我对社会的义务,参与影响国民健康的公共政策决定,提供领导以及专家的和客观的证言。

将我所说和所信的付诸实践,从而在我的专业生涯中体现上述原则

74、Hippocratic Oath—Modern Version

I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, thiscovenant:

I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physiciansin whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is minewith those who are to follow.

I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures [that]are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment andtherapeutic nihilism.

I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science,and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh thesurgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.

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I will not be ashamed to say 'I know not,' nor will I fail tocall in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for apatient's recovery.

I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems arenot disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must Itread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me tosave a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to takea life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with greathumbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must notplay at God.

I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerousgrowth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect theperson's family and economic stability. My responsibilityincludes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for thesick.

I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention ispreferable to cure.

I will remember that I remain a member of society, with specialobligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind andbody as well as the infirm.

If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art,respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter.May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of mycalling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seekmy help.

Written in 1964 by Louis Lasagna, Academic Dean of the School ofMedicine at Tufts University, and used in many medical schoolstoday.

75、 医学生誓词

健康所系, 性命相托。

当我步入神圣医学学府的时刻, 谨庄严宣誓:

我志愿献身医学, 热爱祖国, 忠于人民, 恪守医德, 尊师守纪, 刻苦钻研, 孜孜不倦, 精益求精, 全面发展。

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我决心竭尽全力除人类之病痛, 助健康之完美, 维护医术的圣洁和荣誉。 救死扶伤, 不辞艰辛, 执著追求,为祖国医药卫生事业的发展和人类身心健康奋斗终生。

For the improvement of health, and for the entrustment oflife.

Respectfully, solemnly, I swear, on the moment I made my entranceinto this sacred and dignified campus of medicine, I volunteer todevote my lifetime to medical science, and to cherish deep love formy country; to maintain loyalty to my people, and to strictly abidethe medical moral; to show respect for the teachers, and to observethe disciplines; to engage in assiduous study, to keep diligentdespite of weariness, and to pursue versatility.

I am determined to spare no effort to eliminate the ailment ofhumanity, to assist in the perfection of health, and to defend thesacred purity and honor of medical skill.

I will heal the wound and rescue the dying, regardless ofhardship;

I will persist constantly in my pursuit, despite the time ittakes.

Glory in mind, proud in spirit, standing here, I swear, that I willdedicate my whole life to the hygiene cause of my homeland, and thephysi-psychiological health of the overall humanity。

76、你读了这么多年书,牺牲了大好青春。别人在谈恋爱写情书的时候,你却在写升等论文;别人在陪女朋友的时候,你却在解剖室里陪尸体。从实习到住院,你每天被摔报告摔病历,摔到现在变主治医师了。

77、弄清楚得病的是什么人比弄清楚一个人得了什么病更重要

78、技术与人文是医学的两翼,缺一不可。没有技术,医学没有躯干;没有人文,医学没有灵魂。

79、敬畏生命,是医生的第一品格。

80、医生给病人开出的第一张处方应该是关爱。——郎景和

81、科学家也许更多地付诸于理智,艺术家也许更多地倾注于感情,而医生则必须集冷静的理智和热烈的感情于一身。

82、医生对病人的同情不是用眼泪,而是用心血。

83、医生每天接触的是:病人的痛苦、呻吟、各种各样的难过和诉说。唯一能够使医生激动和慰藉的是:病人痊愈出院时那淡然的一笑。

84、再年轻的医生,在病人眼里也是长者,他肯向你倾吐一切;再无能的医生,在病人眼里也是圣贤,他认为你可以解决一切。医生之难也就在这里。

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85、与其说医生在病人面前是神圣的,毋宁说病人在医生面前是神圣的。孩子再年少,医生也要像对老人那样尊重他;老人再年长,医生也要像对孩子那样关照他。

86、诚然,医生不可能遭遇一切疾病,医生的经验是病人给予的--病人是医生的老师。

87、多数外科医生都是有些主观专断的。在外科,你必须依你自己的决定行事。手术台上,你没有很多时间和机会退下来取得旁人的评判。这正像潜艇司令,你总要随时发号施令使每个人活动起来。这不意味着外科医生可以少与他人商量,或者不可有点轻松和幽默,但外科医生比内科医生有更多的冒险性。因为,这种紧张而通常要立即作出决定的生活,使外科医生不愿意听取别人的意见,显得较难相处。遗憾的是,把这一'毛病'改造殆尽约外科医生又大半是谨小慎微的君子了。

88、刚毕业的年轻医生,在工作的头几年主要是实践在医学院所学的理论,属于临床训练阶段。而当成为一个有经验的成熟的医生之后,又可能变成了忙忙碌碌的实践家或匠人。我在一本书上看到这样一段话:实习大夫什么都知道,可是什么都不会做;外科医生什么都能做,可是什么都不知道;病理学家说起来什么都知道、什么都会做,只是太晚了。这话当然有失偏颇,也过于绝对,病理结果作为最后诊断也并不都是'马后炮'。但无论年轻医生或是年老医生都有自己的缺陷,都得坚持实践、更新知识。

89、我随时随地都是值班医生,无论是什么时候,无论在什么地方,救治危重的孕妇,都是我的职责。---林巧稚

90、treating illnesses is why we became doctors. Treating patientsis what makes most doctors miserable.医治疾病才是我们做医生的原因,医治病人则是医生痛苦的根源.

91、行医是一种艺术而非交易,是一种使命而非行业。在这个使命当中,用心如同用脑。各位,机会为你们敞开着,你们的前途不可限量,如果你们只顾着追求自己的利益,把一份崇高神圣的使命糟蹋成一门卑劣的生意,将你们的同胞当成众多交易的工具,一心只想着致富,你们定可以如愿以偿。但如此一来,你们也就卖掉了一份高贵的遗产,毁掉了医师为人类之友这个始终维持得很好的名衔,也扭曲了一个历史悠久的优良传统与受人尊敬的行业。医学这门学科需要高度整合心智与道德,让人求新、务实并有慈悲。---威廉·奥斯勒

92、上医 ,医未 病之病;中医,医 欲 病 之病 ;下医,医 已 病 之 病。------ 唐代.药王.孙思邈

93、上 工 治 未 病,不治已 病。----黄帝内经

94、如果你从来不了解外科医生的生活,那么请让我告诉你,生命就是这样脆弱,而生命的危机和转机也在转眼之间;危机与转机,就是生死线,而医生的生活,就是踏在这条线上。95、治急性病要有胆有识,治慢性病要有方有守——岳美中

96、一切都是毒,无毒则无物,只有合适的剂量,才能使有毒变为无毒。--------巴拉塞克苏斯

97、愚蠢的人勾心斗角,争权夺势;聪明的人活动锻炼,生理保健。权势是暂时的,健康是长久的。

98、走路使您童颜常在,运动使你青春永驻。

99、奥林匹克希腊圣地,山上刻着千古名句:“你想得到健康吗?那你就跑步;你想得到聪明吗?那你就跑步”。

100、明·裴一中《言医·序》中说:“学不贯今古,识不通天人,才不近仙,心不近佛者,宁耕田织布取衣食耳,断不可作医以误世!医,故神圣之业,非后世读书未成,生计未就,择术而居之具也。是必慧有夙因,念有专习,穷致天人之理,精思竭虑于古今之书,而后可言医。”